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There are opportunities for investment in agricultural development and processing for the local market in a number of primary products. Over 64% of working adults in Timor-Leste work in agriculture, creating the potential for sizable growth, diversification, transformation and investment. Domestic (import substitution) and export commodities and supply chains suitable for development and ultimately export include coffee, rice, corn, beans, carrots, cassava, cinnamon, clove, potatoes, nutmeg, taro, konjac and organic horticulture (fruit, vegetable, cashew, cocoa, coconut oil, and vanilla).

The agricultural potential of Timor-Leste can be seen in the current production and export of coffee. Coffee is a profitable investment area, performing well in domestic and international markets and is the primary non-oil export from Timor-Leste. The World Bank is leading the Road Climate Resilience Project to provide better access to the coffee producing regions on the Dili-Ainaro corridor. The industry body, Timor-Leste Coffee Association, works to improve quality standards and strengthen the brand of Timorese coffee. The coffee industry has the potential for further growth in agriculture production and processing, generating returns to investors.

The Government of Timor-Leste supports investors by distributing production inputs to farmers including high quality seeds, training, and farming equipment. The irrigation Infrastructure Fund projects are supporting food production, improving distribution and food security. Irrigation projects have been completed in Raibere, Oebaba, Carauln, Bebui and Cassameta. There are seven ongoing irrigation projects.