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Timor-Leste has a unique approach to community based forestry management, put in practice in Municipal of Manufahi, Viqueque, Covalima, Lautem, Liquiça, and Oecuse. Sustainable cultivation methods are applied to: bamboo, sandalwood, mahogany, teak, ptecarpus indicus (rosewood), candlenut, and cassia siamea.

The Bamboo Institute of Timor-Leste was established by UNIDO in collaboration with the Government of Timor-Leste to promote the development of a sustainable bamboo industry, increase the number of plantations, and contribute to expanding the manufacturing base by value-addition to the raw material.

In 2017, the Government of Timor-Leste established a 100 hectare sandalwood plantation in Atabae, expected to generate USD 160 million at harvest in 30 years. There is capacity and desire to sustainably develop the forestry industry with investment to meet the growing local demand, whilst being sensitive to environmental needs.