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This district is located around 129 km East of Dili. It is the second biggest city of the country with a population of 111,694 inhabitants (Census 2010) and an area of 1.494 km2. The capital of the district is also named Baucau, it lies at about 512 meters above level sea and enjoys a more moderate temperature than most of the district. The rainy season occurs between the months of November and April.

Baucau has the country’s biggest international airport (IATA code: NCH) at 6 km from the city, which is now inoperative for commercial flights.

The tunnels in the subdistrict of Venilale are a legacy of the Japanese occupation during the Second World War. The main economic activity of Baucau is agriculture (corn, rice, peanut, coconut and horticultural crops).

With the gradual improvement of the transport system and the provision of electric power, the private sector and the small and medium enterprises are now registering a progressive development. Baucau offers a wide coastline with attractive beaches, ideal for swimming and other water sports.